Hades is going to be acknowledged so that the warriors cannot fear death; children is become adults fearing slavery more death (386c). New character Achilles need to be missing away from every stories, as children don’t see lamenting otherwise terrible displays off immoderate emotion glorified for concern they will embrace the brand new methods since their individual (388). Concurrently, stories do not are screens away from humor (389a). Eg excessively screens away from suffering, excess displays of contentment threaten the new stoic thoughts that is desirable in guardians. Compatible stories have to glorify and encourage moderation; they must display obedience so you can superiors and you may temperance within the ingesting, dining, intercourse (389e), and you can love of currency and property (390e). Tales also needs to inform you bravery in the face of threat (390d. Extremely present tales, Socrates says, posting inappropriate texts and may feel banned. They inform you unjust boys because pleased, only people just like the unhappy, injustice because the profitable, and fairness to be someone else’s a and you will one’s individual loss. Interestingly, these crappy messages are the same due to the fact Glaucon’s and you can Adeimantus’ objections from the versatility out-of justice. In the place of being told established stories such as those by the Homer and you may Hesiod, children must be informed speeches from the real fairness, any sort of it may be (392c). Remarkably, in the event Socrates has around three of your four chief virtues (courage, moderation, and you will justice) among the important coaching regarding appropriate tales, information is actually missing. This new omission of information, along with the implication the guardians is to take on blindly almost any they are advised and also to become completely formed from the tales, suggest once again that guardians are not meant to be smart and you may philosophical.
Shortly after approaching the correct blogs out-of reports, Socrates covers whether or not easy otherwise imitative narrative will be utilized by poets and you can guardians. He establishes that mimetic poetry are hazardous as it prompts some body in order to replicate crappy along with a great decisions and you may supporting the citation of the one-man-one jobs idea (395c). In case poets and you can guardians should be replicate (that they doubtlessly often once the Socrates’ entire discussion of your benefits of great tales hinges on the concept one to youngsters tend to replicate good examples), they should duplicate people virtues which they was in fact educated given that young people (bravery, moderation, holiness, freedom) (395c). Socrates states, «Imitations, when they skilled continuously of youngsters onwards, feel founded as habits and you may characteristics, from inside the system and audio and in believe» (395d). Thus, a correct variety of narrative both for guardians and you will poets is mainly low-imitative, however, makes it possible for certain replica of great males (396d). Socrates upcoming says that preference getting low-imitative poets excludes the quintessential liked and amusing poets on the town (397e-398a), and only a great deal more traditional much less-exciting poets.
While Glaucon try reluctant to stop trying the brand new «relishes» that he wants (372c), Adeimantus, Socrates’ spouse for this the main talk, voluntarily gives upwards his favorite poets and you may agrees wing you to poets need to be shorter fascinating
Finally in the dialogue out-of educative musical, Socrates address contact information the right track out of reports that have Glaucon. Similar to the posts and magnificence out-of speeches, Socrates allows only moderate and you can traditional melodies. Tunes imitating the new audio and ornaments of males brave regarding the face from possibilities and the ones suitable so you’re able to silent the male is acceptance, but settings suiting laments or revelries was forbidden (399b). Simply effortless tool such as the lyre, cither, and tubing are allowed (399d). First and foremost, Socrates insists that beat need go after address, maybe not vice versa. All the element of speech have to proceed with the spirits of a good soul; «A beneficial address, a beneficial balance, a good sophistication, and you will good beat go with a good feeling» (400e).
Socrates reveals your by using the right knowledge, a life of commendable virtue, and additionally «moderation, courage, liberality, and style» (402c) however, leaving out intercourse and you can extreme satisfaction, might be rewarding
Socrates says you to definitely cautious authorship regarding reports is very important because they are the most useful sorts of educating guardians’ souls. Rhythm and you will equilibrium reach brand new heart privately, therefore if youngsters are surrounded by tales away from goodness and not confronted by bad stories, including «commendable pets» they will learn to like what they know (god and you will fairness) and you will hate the things they’re doing not discover (injustice) (401d-e). Learning how to like okay one thing and you may hate unsightly some thing given that a good kid can assist them appreciate practical address and acquire satisfaction in the way of living sparingly when sex (402a). By saying your highest virtues is acquired using studies and you will is actually an issue of slight preference, Socrates battles Glaucon’s love for foot pleasures. To phrase it differently, as a consequence of studying actual virtue, Glaucon can find a fulfillment equivalent (but not identical) to that particular of one’s eros he so needs.